• win-7

    Windows 7 by Microsoft: Safe Mode & Shut Down

Safe Mode Windows 7 is a troubleshooting option that limits system operation to basic functions. Safe Mode starts Windows 7 with only core drivers and services. Safe Mode with Networking starts windows with only core drivers, plus networking support.

Safe Mode

windows 7 safe mode

How to Start Windows 7 in Safe Mode

  • Remove all floppy disks, CDs, and DVDs from your computer, and then restart your computer. Click the Start button, click the arrow next to the Shut Down button (or the arrow next to the Lock button), and then click Restart.
  • Do one of the following:
  • ✔ If your computer has a single operating system installed, press and hold the F8 key as your computer restarts. You need to press F8 before the Windows logo appears. If the Windows logo appears, you'll need to try again by waiting until the Windows logon prompt appears, and then shutting down and restarting your computer.
    ✔ If your computer has more than one operating system, use the arrow keys to highlight the operating system you want to start in safe mode, and then press F8.
  • On the Advanced Boot Options screen, use the arrow keys to highlight the safe mode option you want, and then press Enter.
  • Log on to your computer with a user account that has administrator rights.

Safe Mode with Networking

Starts Windows 7 in safe mode and includes the network drivers and services needed to access the Internet or other computers on your network.

Safe Mode with Command Prompt

Starts Windows 7 in safe mode with a command prompt window instead of the usual Windows interface. This option is intended for IT professionals and administrators.

Shut Down

windows-7 won't shut down

Windows 7 won't Shut Down

Windows 7 from Microsoft is the most popular and commonly used operating system for computers all around the world. Windows is the graphical user interface based operating system from Microsoft and the latest version of Windows available is the Windows 10. This operating system has been loved and used by millions of users around the world due to its ease of use, better support from developers and lots of preloaded features. But nothing is a perfect program and Windows too is susceptible to bugs or errors like computer won't shut down.

Computer not shutting down properly or taking lots of time is a common error that is encountered by many. There are various reasons that cause this error in Windows 7 like updating problem, processes glitches, power settings, or others. When a computer hangs at the shutdown screen and won’t shut down, it can be very frustrating. But you can't just hit the power button to make it shut down, as it can cause further software or hardware problems. You will learn what should be done to solve the computer won't shut down issue in this instruction.

A normal Windows 7 shuts down after shutting down processes, saving data and removing unnecessary information from memory. The whole process takes a few seconds to complete. But the problem may come when these steps involved in the shutting down process trips over one another. If something like this happens, then the computer won't shut down or will take a long time in the process.

Close Open Programs

Running programs are the major cause of computer won't shut down the problem. When you shut down your computer make sure that you close all the programs and save the data. If you don't do this before shutting down your PC, you will be stuck at the program need to close the window. In some cases, it will automatically close, but if a program needs to save data, it will be stuck there. You can move forward from this screen by following these steps.

  • Click "Cancel".
  • Go to the program showing error.
  • Save the necessary files.
  • Now shut down the system as usual.

If your PC again shows that error, then you can also click Force stop and the program will be closed and it will shut down properly.

Update Drivers and Windows

An outdated Windows version or drivers can also cause the Windows 7 won't shut down problem. So updating them might solve the problem.

  • Open "Start".
  • Click on "Settings".
  • Then Click on Update & Security.
  • Next click Check for updates.
  • Wait for the computer to check for updates and Click on "Install updates" if it founds any updates.
  • Restart the computer if it is required to install downloaded updates.

Change Power Settings

If the computer won't shut down is appearing on Windows 7, you can change the power settings to solve this problem. Windows 7 has a fast startup feature that can also interfere with the shutdown process. Follow the steps to turn off the Fast startup.

  • Right-click on the start menu and select "Power options".
  • Now click on "Change what the power button does" in the left pane.
  • Then click on "Change settings that are currently unavailable".
  • Uncheck the Turn on Fast Startup checkbox and Click "OK" to save the settings.

Disable Clear Pagefile at Shutdown

Though normally shutting down windows is a fast process, but if you encounter a slow shutdown problem or the computer won't shut down, the page file may be the culprit. The page file is a part of the hard disk that works like an extension of the RAM during data overflow. Page file stores the data that is used less frequently and during the shutdown, it needs to be cleared. But this process can slow the shutdown process. Follow the steps to disable this function on Windows 7.

  • Do a search of "regedit.exe" at my computer and open it. You can alternatively press Windows + R to open the run command and type "regedit" in it and click "OK".
  • On the left pane, navigate to the following directory - HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Memory Management.
  • Now find the ClearPageFileAtShutdown registry. If it is 1, then it means that the system will clear page file during shutdown.
  • Right-click on the registry and click on Modify.
  • Change the value from 1 to 0.

Repair Corrupt Hard Drive

If even after trying all these methods you still encounter problems while shutting down Windows, then the problem may be related to hard drive errors. During shutdown when the system tries to save a file to corrupted sectors on hard drive, it can slow or completely halt the shutdown process. Follow the steps to fix disk errors with error checking utility.

  • Go to My Computer or This PC.
  • Right-click on the system drive which is C in most cases.
  • Now click on properties from the menu.
  • Go to Tools tab and click on Check button under Error-checking option.
  • Check both options on the popup menu and click "OK". This will start the error check on the system drive and repair any errors if found.

About Windows-7

Windows 7 is a personal computer operating system that was produced by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems. It was released to manufacturing on July 22, 2009 and became generally available on October 22, 2009, less than three years after the release of its predecessor, Windows Vista. Windows 7's server counterpart, Windows Server 2008 R2, was released at the same time.

Windows 7 was primarily intended to be an incremental upgrade to Microsoft Windows, intended to address Windows Vista's poor critical reception while maintaining hardware and software compatibility. Windows 7 continued improvements on Windows Aero (the user interface introduced in Windows Vista) with the addition of a redesigned taskbar that allows applications to be "pinned" to it, and new window management features. Other new features were added to the operating system, including libraries, the new file sharing system HomeGroup, and support for multitouch input. A new "Action Center" interface was also added to provide an overview of system security and maintenance information, and tweaks were made to the User Account Control system to make it less intrusive. Windows 7 also shipped with updated versions of several stock applications, including Internet Explorer 8, Windows Media Player, and Windows Media Center.

In contrast to Windows Vista, Windows 7 was generally praised by critics, who considered the operating system to be a major improvement over its predecessor due to its increased performance, it’s more intuitive interface (with particular praise devoted to the new taskbar), fewer User Account Control pop ups, and other improvements made across the platform. Windows 7 was a major success for Microsoft; even prior to its official release, pre-order sales for 7 on the online retailer Amazon.com had surpassed previous records. In just six months, over 100 million copies had been sold worldwide, increasing to over 630 million licenses by July 2012. As of July 2019, 31.96% of computers running Windows are running Windows 7, which still has over 50% market share in a number of countries such as in China at 51.21%, and is the most used version in many countries, mostly in Africa. Windows 7 is however no longer most popular on any continent.

Development history

Originally, a version of Windows codenamed "Blackcomb" was planned as the successor to Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 in 2000. Major features were planned for Blackcomb, including an emphasis on searching and querying data and an advanced storage system named WinFS to enable such scenarios. However, an interim, minor release, codenamed "Longhorn," was announced for 2003, delaying the development of Blackcomb. By the middle of 2003, however, Longhorn had acquired some of the features originally intended for Blackcomb. After three major malware outbreaks—the Blaster, Nachi, and Sobig worms—exploited flaws in Windows operating systems within a short time period in August 2003, Microsoft changed its development priorities, putting some of Longhorn's major development work on hold while developing new service packs for Windows XP and Windows Server 2003. Development of Longhorn (Windows Vista) was also restarted, and thus delayed, in August 2004. A number of features were cut from Longhorn. Blackcomb was renamed Vienna in early 2006.

When released, Windows Vista was criticized for its long development time, performance issues, spotty compatibility with existing hardware and software on launch, changes affecting the compatibility of certain PC games, and unclear assurances by Microsoft that certain computers shipping with XP prior to launch would be "Vista Capable" (which led to a class action lawsuit), among other critiques. As such, adoption of Vista in comparison to XP remained somewhat low. In July 2007, six months following the public release of Vista, it was reported that the next version of Windows would then be codenamed Windows 7, with plans for a final release within three years. Bill Gates, in an interview with Newsweek, suggested that Windows 7 would be more "user-centric". Gates later said that Windows 7 would also focus on performance improvements. Steven Sinofsky later expanded on this point, explaining in the Engineering Windows 7 blog that the company was using a variety of new tracing tools to measure the performance of many areas of the operating system on an ongoing basis, to help locate inefficient code paths and to help prevent performance regressions. Senior Vice President Bill Veghte stated that Windows Vista users migrating to Windows 7 would not find the kind of device compatibility issues they encountered migrating from Windows XP. An estimated 1,000 developers worked on Windows 7. These were broadly divided into "core operating system" and "Windows client experience", in turn organized into 25 teams of around 40 developers on average.

In October 2008, it was announced that Windows 7 would also be the official name of the operating system. There has been some confusion over naming the product Windows 7, while versioning it as 6.1 to indicate its similar build to Vista and increase compatibility with applications that only check major version numbers, similar to Windows 2000 and Windows XP both having 5.x version numbers. The first external release to select Microsoft partners came in January 2008 with Milestone 1, build 6519. Speaking about Windows 7 on October 16, 2008, Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer confirmed compatibility between Windows Vista and Windows 7, indicating that Windows 7 would be a refined version of Windows Vista.

At PDC 2008, Microsoft demonstrated Windows 7 with its reworked taskbar. On December 27, 2008, the Windows 7 Beta was leaked onto the Internet via BitTorrent. According to a performance test by ZDNet, Windows 7 Beta beat both Windows XP and Vista in several key areas, including boot and shutdown time and working with files, such as loading documents. Other areas did not beat XP, including PC Pro benchmarks for typical office activities and video editing, which remain identical to Vista and slower than XP. On January 7, 2009, the x64 version of the Windows 7 Beta (build 7000) was leaked onto the web, with some torrents being infected with a trojan. At CES 2009, Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer announced the Windows 7 Beta, build 7000, had been made available for download to MSDN and TechNet subscribers in the format of an ISO image. The stock wallpaper of the beta version contained a digital image of the Betta fish.

The release candidate, build 7100, became available for MSDN and TechNet subscribers, and Connect Program participants on April 30, 2009. On May 5, 2009, it became available to the general public, although it had also been leaked onto the Internet via BitTorrent. The release candidate was available in five languages and expired on June 1, 2010, with shutdowns every two hours starting March 1, 2010. Microsoft stated that Windows 7 would be released to the general public on October 22, 2009. Microsoft released Windows 7 to MSDN and Technet subscribers on August 6, 2009, at 10:00 am PDT. Microsoft announced that Windows 7, along with Windows Server 2008 R2, was released to manufacturing on July 22, 2009. Windows 7 RTM is build 7600.16385.090713-1255, which was compiled on July 13, 2009, and was declared the final RTM build after passing all Microsoft's tests internally.